Name

FARRER, Gracia Liu

Gracia Liu-Farrer

Official Title

Professor Professor

Affiliation

(Graduate School of Asia Pacific Studies)

Contact Information

Mail Address

Mail Address
glfarrer@waseda.jp

Address・Phone Number・Fax Number

Address
Nishiwaseda 1-21-1, Sodai-Nishiwaseda bldg Rm. 602
Phone Number
81-3-5286-3932
Fax Number
81-3-5272-4533

URL

Grant-in-aids for Scientific Researcher Number
70436062

Sub-affiliation

Affiliated Institutes

アジア国際移動研究所

研究所員 2018-

アジア国際移動研究所

プロジェクト研究所所長 2018-2023

Educational background・Degree

Educational background

1999-2007 University of Chicago Graduate School, Division of Social Sciences Education
1997-1998 University of Chicago Graduate School, Division of Social Sciences Sociology
1989-1993 Fudan University Faculty of Foreign Language English Language and Literature

Degree

Ph.D University of Chicago

MA University of Chicago

BA Fudan University

Career

2018/10-Waseda UniversityInstitute of Asian MigrationsDirector
2014/04-Waseda UniversityGraduate School of Asia-Pacific StudiesProfessor
2009/04-2014/03Waseda UniversityGraduate School of Asia-Pacific StudiesAssociate Professor
2008/10-2009/03Ochanomizu UniversityAssistant Professor
2006/04-2007/11 Tohoku UniversityCenter for the Study of Social Stratification and InequalityResearch Fellow

Academic Society Joined

American Sociological Association

Association of Asian Studies

Japanese Sociological Society

Award

Waseda Next Generation Core Researcher

2017Conferment Institution:Waseda University

Waseda Research Award

2014Conferment Institution:Waseda University

Primary Investigator: “Is Japan an Immigrant Country? A comparative study of immigrants’ citizenship consciousness and sense of belonging in Japan and Australia” Japan Ministry of Education (MEXT)/Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS),Kiban (B) (JP 16,250,000).

2011

Primary investigator: “Chinese Immigrant Employees’ Career Mobility in Japan”, Japan Ministry of Education (MEXT)/Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (JP 2,000,000), No. 19730324.

2007

Special Research Grant (JP 1,200,000), Center for the Study of Social Stratification and Inequality, Tohoku University, Japan

2007

2006-2007 Special Research Grant (JP 900,000), Center for the Study of Social Stratification and Inequality, Tohoku University, Japan

2006

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Conference Travel Grant

2006/11

2004-2005 East Asian Studies Center Dissertation Fellowship (University of Chicago)

2004

Fulbright-Hays Doctoral Dissertation Research Abroad Fellowship (U.S. Department of Education)

2002

University of Chicago, Department of Sociology, PhD Preliminary Examination, Pass with Honors

2001/01

Century Fellowship (University of Chicago, fellowship with the highest academic honor)

1999

Research Field

Keywords

International Migration,Social Stratification,International Education,Race and Ethnicity,Transnational labor market

Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research classification

Social sciences / Sociology / Sociology

Cooperative Research Theme Desire

International labor migration

Institution:Cooperative research with other research organization including private (industrial) sectors

Purpose:Sponsord research、Collaboration research、Other

Contents Desire:Foreign labor import and organizational changes

Research interests Career

The Transnational Career Practices and Living Arrangements of Chinese Immigrants in Japan

Current Research Theme Keywords:Chinese Immigrants, transnationalism, Japan

Individual research allowance

Paper

Bridging the Institutional Gaps: International Education as a Migration Industry

Gracia Liu-Farrer

International Migration Peer Review Yes 2019-

DOI

Detail

Publish Classification:Research paper (scientific journal)

Outline:This article examines the education‐migration industry that has channelled students from China and Viet Nam into Japan over the past three decades and discusses the conditions for the emergence of such an industry, the major actors and the reasons for their changing roles and practices. It argues that the education‐migration industry in Japan emerged because of the discrepant institutional logics. Japan's reluctance to open the door for labour import, despite its acute labour shortage, has turned international education into a sanctioned channel of labour migration and thereby created opportunities for international education to become a thriving migration industry. As long as this institutional gap remains, government regulations will only create new sources of power and profits for brokers who can navigate complex regulations and employ illicit means to satisfy the legal requirements. The education‐migration industry is therefore a derivative of Japan's immigration regime and actively interacts with government policies.

Big Firm Syndrome (Ōtebyō): the Problems of Japanese Firms and the Problematic Elite Aspirations

Gracia Liu-Farrer

Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies (Waseda University) 342018-

Immigrants in a Non-Immigrant Society: Recent PhD Dissertations on Migration in Japan

Gracia Liu-Farrer

Social Science Japan Journal 21(1) p.117 - 1272017/12-

Mobility under Constraints: the Making of Differentiated Economic Outcomes among Immigrant Newcomers in Japan

Gracia Liu-Farrer

Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies (Waseda University) 29p.23 - 352017/10-

Migration as Class-based Consumption: the Emigration of the Rich in Contemporary China

Gracia Liu-Farrer

China Quarterly 224p.499 - 5182016-

Citizenship and Belonging Among Newcomer Immigrants in Japan

Gracia Liu-Farrer

Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies (Waseda University) 24p.121 - 1422015-

Asian Multiculturalism in the Regional Framework

Gracia Liu-Farrer

Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies (Waseda University) 22p.37 - 462013/03-

Acculturation, Belonging, and Citizenship among Newcomer Immigrants in Japan

Gracia Liu-Farrer

Peace and Culture (Aoyama Gakuin University) 6(1) p.149 - 1562014/03-

Chinese Newcomers in Japan: Migration Trends, Profiles and the Impact of the 2011 Earthquake

Gracia Liu-Farrer

Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 22(2) p.231 - 2572013-

Making Careers in the Occupational Niche: Chinese Students in Corporate Japan’s Transnational Business

Gracia Liu-Farrer

Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 37 (6)2011-

The Absent Spouses: Gender, Race and Extramarital Sexuality among Chinese Immigrants in Japan

Gracia Liu-Farrer

Journal of Sexualities 13 (1)p.97 - 1212010-

Debt, Networks and Reciprocity: Undocumented Migration from Fujian to Japan

Gracia Liu-Farrer

The Asia-Pacific Journal 26p.1 - 102010/06-

'I am the Only Woman in Suits’:Chinese Immigrants and Gendered Careers in Corporate Japan

Gracia Liu-Farrer

Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies (Waseda University) No. 13p.37 - 482009/10-

Educationally Channeled International Labor Migration: Post-1978 Student Mobility from China to Japan

Gracia Liu-Farrer

International Migration Review 43 (1)(25) p.186 - 2112009/03-

The Burden of Social Capital: Fujian Chinese Immigrants’ Experiences of Network Closure in Japan

Gracia Liu-Farrer

Social Science Japan Journal 11 (22)(17) p.241 - 2572008/10-

The Chinese Social Dance Party in Tokyo: Identity and Status in an Immigrant Leisure Subculture

Gracia Liu-Farrer

Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 33(6)(24) p.651 - 6742004/12-

Books And Publication

Labor Migration from China to Japan: International Students, Transnational Migrants.

Gracia Liu-Farrer

Routledge2011-

Global Movements in The Asia Pacific: "Between Privilege and Prejudice: Chinese Immigrants in Corporate Japan's Transnational Economy" p123-146担当

Pookong Kee and Hidetaka Yoshimatsu (編)

World Scientific Publishing2009-

Japan’s Minorities: The Illusion of Homogeneity: “Creating a Transnational Community: the Chinese Newcomers in Japan” p116-138担当

Michael Weiner (編)

Routledge2008/12-

Deciphering the Global: Its Spaces, Scales, and Subjects: “Producing Global Economies from Below: Chinese Immigrant Transnational Entrepreneurship in Japan”p177-p198担当

Saskia Sassen (編)

Routledge2007/08-

先端都市社会学の地平: “中国系移民の余暇サブカルチャーにおける性的および地位の実践” p196-p222.担当

広田康生、町村敬志、田嶋淳子、渡戸一郎 (編)

ハーベスト2006/11-

Religious Pluralism in Diaspora “Chinese Catholic Center in Tokyo: Institutional Characteristics in Contexts,” p13-p31担当

P.Pratap Kumar (編)

Brill2006/07-

Routledge Handbook of Asian Migrations

Gracia LIU-FARRER, Brenda YEOH(Co-edit)

Routledge2018-

Detali

Scholarly BookTotal Number of Pages:306Responsible Number of Pages:306ISBN:9781138959859

Outline:Housing more than half of the global population, Asia is a region characterHousing more than half of the global population, Asia is a region character...Housing more than half of the global population, Asia is a region characterised by increasingly diverse forms of migration and mobility. Offering a wide-ranging overview of the field of Asian migrations, this new handbook therefore seeks to examine and evaluate the flows of movement within Asia, as well as into and out of the continent. Through in-depth analysis of both empirical and theoretical developments in the field, it includes key examples and trends such as British colonialism, Chinese diaspora, labour migration, the movement of women, and recent student migration. Organised into thematic parts, the topics cover: The historical context to migration in Asia Modern Asian migration pathways and characteristics The reconceptualising of migration through Asian experiences Contemporary challenges and controversies in Asian migration practice and policy Contributing to the retheorising of the subject area of international migration from non-western experience, the Routledge Handbook of Asian Migrations will be useful to students and scholars of migration, Asian development and Asian Studies in general.

Immigrant Japan: Mobility and Belonging in an Ethno-nationalist Society

Gracia Liu-Farrer(Single Author)

Cornell University Press2020/04-

Detali

Scholarly BookTotal Number of Pages:280ISBN:ISBN13: 9781501748622.

Outline:Immigrant Japan? Sounds like a contradiction, but as Gracia Liu-Farrer showImmigrant Japan? Sounds like a contradiction, but as Gracia Liu-Farrer show...Immigrant Japan? Sounds like a contradiction, but as Gracia Liu-Farrer shows, millions of immigrants make their varied lives in Japan, dealing with the tensions between belonging and not belonging in this ethno-nationalist country. Why do people want to come to Japan? Where do immigrants with various resources and demographic profiles fit in the economic landscape? How do immigrants narrate belonging in an environment where they are "other" at a time when mobility is increasingly easy and belonging increasingly complex?

Research Grants & Projects

Grant-in-aids for Scientific Research Adoption Situation

Research Classification:

Beyond Multiculturalism: Organizational Logics and Cultural Practices at Japanese Workplaces

2015/-0-2018/-0

Allocation Class:¥3770000

Research Classification:

Comparative studies on immigrants' communities in the Pacific Rim Area: Focusing on comtemporay changes

2011/-1-2015/-0

Allocation Class:¥19630000

Research Classification:

Social Inequality in an Age of Multiculturalism: Analyzing the Relationship between Social and Geographical Mobility

2010/-0-2013/-0

Allocation Class:¥17030000

Research Classification:

Global Labor Mobility and the Changing Meanings of Work: A Comparative Study of Germany and Japan(Fostering Joint International Research)

Allocation Class:¥12480000

Research Fund Acceptance Situation

Embodiment:Joint research programs

Joint investigator: “Immigrants in Multicultural Japan,” Japan Ministry of Education (MEXT)/Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS),Kiban (B) (JP 13,100,000).2010-

On-campus Research System

Special Research Project

日本のグローバル化経済における留学生のキャリア形成

2010

Research Results Outline: This project proposed to understand international students’ career aspira This project proposed to understand international students’ career aspirations and how they perceive the opportunity struc... This project proposed to understand international students’ career aspirations and how they perceive the opportunity structure in Japanese labor market. Based on my research among the Chinese student migrants in Japan, I hypothesized that both home country’s economic situations and the transnational economic ties between home and host countries affect international students’ labor market participation and their career outcomes in Japan. Because of the limit of budget, the actual fieldwork was reduced in the fiscal year. With the assistance of students, I surveyed and interviewed with international students at Waseda University. Following are some findings from this investigation. 1) Employment prospect did influence whether students aspire to remain in Japan upon graduation. For example, among government funded international students, Southeast Asian students were more likely to feel that they were bound to service their home countries upon finishing their designated degrees in Japan. It scarcely crossed their mind that they might look for employment in Japan. In comparison, Chinese, North American and European students, except for JDS students, were more likely not only to consider staying in Japan, but also to find employment in Japan upon finishing their target education. 2) Most privately funded international students expressed interest in working in Japan if employment was possible and also participated in organized recruiting events. There was this awareness that Japanese companies, especially globalized firms, were actively recruiting international students. But the degree of aspiration was different among European and North American students and East Asian students, especially Chinese students. Chinese students demonstrated a stronger aspiration to work in Japan upon graduation. They were more active in participating in the institutionalized job searching process. 3) While European and North American students were more likely to look for jobs in their home country companies, and chose to stay in Japan partly because of the difficulty in reentering the labor market in their home countries, Chinese students are more aware of their occupational niche in Japanese firms. Many expressed their conscious choice of positions involved in the transnational economy between Japan and China, and believed that their career advantages lied in such occupational niches.

日本は移民国家か?日本とオーストラリアにおける移住者の市民意識と帰属感の比較研究

2011

Research Results Outline:Research Goal: The purpose of this special research grant is to partially cResearch Goal: The purpose of this special research grant is to partially conduct the proposed Kaken Kiban-B project that fa...Research Goal: The purpose of this special research grant is to partially conduct the proposed Kaken Kiban-B project that failed to obtain a grant during the FY 2011-2 and prepare for the Kaken application due in October 2011. The original research goal for the proposed Kaken Project is to investigate the citizenship consciousness and sense of belonging among different immigrant groups in Japan, and compare them with those who have migrated into Australia, a more classic immigrant country. Due to the limited funding, the researcher was only able to investigate the Chinese immigrants in Japan, and taking advantage of a conference trip to the U.S., compare them with Chinese immigrants who have settled in the U.S.--another classic immigrant country. Research activities: The main research activities during this period is fieldwork. This project employed 4 Waseda University MA students to conduct interviews and transcribing these interviews. During the course between June, 2011 when the funding started and mid-November, 2011 when the funding ended (because my Kaken Kiban-B project was finally approved), with the help of these research assistants, we were able to interview 44 Chinese immigrants in Japan, including both 1st generation immigrants who have been in Japan for over 5 years and 1.5 generation immigrants who arrived in Japan before the age of 12. These interviews yielded valuable insights into the Chinese community in Japan. In order to understand the Chinese in Japan better, the researcher also conducted fieldwork among settled Chinese immigrants in the U.S. because the research needed to go to a conference there in any case. In the Southeast of US, the researchers met with an ethnic Chinese anthropology professor, Guo Zibin, from the University of Tennessee, in order to better understand the Chinese community there. The researcher also interviewed settled Chinese professionals in North Carolina. This overseas fieldwork provides wider perspectives for understanding the Chinese in Japan. Self-evaluation of the research progress and outcomes:This was a particular productive research year, thanks to the help of the 4 capable and diligent RAs. This research grant allowed me to collect a lot of data efficiently and established solid empirical and theoretical foundation for the kaken kiban-B project that is on-going now.

Imagining a Good Life: Towards a Cultural Sociology of Migration

2014

Research Results Outline: 2014年8月4日~2014年8月25日・中国上海でアメリカ、オーストリア、ヨローパへの投資移民を申請した、あるいはしている10名以上の個人対象者の 2014年8月4日~2014年8月25日・中国上海でアメリカ、オーストリア、ヨローパへの投資移民を申請した、あるいはしている10名以上の個人対象者の聞き取りをした。又、二つの移民仲介会社に訪れ、フォーカスグループを行った。その成果を "Outmi... 2014年8月4日~2014年8月25日・中国上海でアメリカ、オーストリア、ヨローパへの投資移民を申請した、あるいはしている10名以上の個人対象者の聞き取りをした。又、二つの移民仲介会社に訪れ、フォーカスグループを行った。その成果を "Outmigration of the Rich and the Shaping of an Elite Class inContemporary China"というタイトルの論文にして、国際ジャーナルChinaQuarterlyに投稿した。または、2015年2月12-14日に、”Japan’sNew Immigrants: Capturing the Changing Ethno-scape in a Globalizing Japan”という国際シンポジムを開催し、 この分野の研究している国内或いは国外の研究者との意見交換ができた。このシンポジムで発表された論文をSocial Science Japan Journalで特集として投稿する予定がある。又は、共著の本を編集する企画がある。

Beyond Multiculturalism: Organizational Logics and Cultural Practices at Japanese Workplaces

2015Collaborator:Helena Hof

Research Results Outline:This project focuses on foreigners' as well as Japanese employees' experienThis project focuses on foreigners' as well as Japanese employees' experiences working in Japanese firms that attempt to glo...This project focuses on foreigners' as well as Japanese employees' experiences working in Japanese firms that attempt to globalise their businesses as well as their workforce. In collecting the narratives of their work experiences, the study aims to understand the nature of the difficulties corporate Japan has had in attracting and retaining foreign talents. Based on our interviews with close to 20 foreign employees who have been working in Japanese firms and several Japanese employees and managerial personnels this year, this study finds that the apparent difficulty for foreigners to adapt to Japanese organisations, aside from work style and office culture,  seems to have to do with the different meanings foreign employees and Japanese employees attach to work and career as well as the uncertainties Japanese firms treat foreign employees. What Japanese employees view as the instrumental and intrinsic values of work are related to a commitment to the firm which are more consistent with the firm's organisational logic. On the other hand, both Japanese firms and foreign employees have a more ambivalent understanding of the nature of their employment. This sometimes leads to frustrations and high turnovers. A theoretical framework of this study is presented at AAS-in-Asia Conference in June, 2015.

Global Labor Mobility and the Changing Patterns of Career : A Pilot Study

2017Collaborator:Karen Shire

Research Results Outline:Many researchers who study skilled migration in Japan have pointed out thatMany researchers who study skilled migration in Japan have pointed out that, despite Japanese government's welcoming policie...Many researchers who study skilled migration in Japan have pointed out that, despite Japanese government's welcoming policies toward foreign workers, Japanese firms have trouble retaining skilled foreign workers. The general consensus is that Japanese firms have problems with their organizational culture. In order to understand whether it is the problems of Japanese firms or that it manifests new patterns of career mobility, this research has proposed to investigate the situation in Germany, a country that is not a traditional immigrant country, uses a national language that is not English, and has a distinct national culture. The researcher conducted the pilot study in August , 2017 in Dusseldorf. By participant observation in a German language intensive course and interviewing foreign workers working in German firms, the research has found that:1) There are many similarities between foreign employees working in German firms and those in Japanese firms. Immigrant employees in German firms also share some of the cultural and social issues with immigrants in Japan.2) In the globalizing world, skilled migrants are increasingly seeing global geographic mobility as an integral part of individual career mobility. Multiple migrations are common among immigrant employees in Germany. 

Foreign Countries Research Activity

Research Project Title: Rethinking Migration through Asian Experiences

2015/09-2016/09

Affiliation: シンガポール国立大学・ハンブルグ大学(シンガポール・ドイツ)

Lecture Course

Course TitleSchoolYearTerm
Cultural Globalization (E)Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies2020fall quarter
Cultural Globalization (J)Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies2020fall quarter
Global Sociology (J)Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies2020spring quarter
Global Sociology (E)Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies2020spring quarter
Globalization and Socio-Cultural Change (MA Seminar)Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies2020spring term@summer term
Globalization and Socio-Cultural Change (MA Seminar)Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies2020fall term@winter term
Self, Culture, Society under Globalization (PhD Research Guidance)Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies2020spring term@summer term
Self, Culture, Society under Globalization (PhD Research Guidance)Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies2020fall term@winter term

Waseda Course Channel Video Service

Course TitleFacultyPublication Year

Visiting - Interlocking-time or Part-time Lecturers of Other Institutions, etc.

2018/06- 2019/02Institute of East Asian Studies (In-East) and Department of Sociology, University of Duisburg-Essen(Germany)Guest Professor
2016/06- 2016/08Asia and Africa Institute, University of Hamburg(Germany)Visiting Researcher
2015/12- 2016/03Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore(Singapore)Senior Visiting Research Fellow
2013/04- 2015/03Doshisha University(Japan)Visiting Researcher
2008/09- 2009/03Institutes of Global Issues, Hitotsubashi University (Japan)Visiting Professor

Social Contribution

Social Science Japan Journal

Sponser ・Organizer ・Publisher:Oxford University Press

American Journal of Sociology
Qualitative sociology
Current Sociology
Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
International Migration Review
International Migration
Racial and Ethnic Studies
Asian Pacific Migration Journal
Social Science Japan Journal