Name

MIYATA, Hiromitsu

Official Title

Professor

Affiliation

(School of Culture, Media and Society)

Research Grants & Projects

Grant-in-aids for Scientific Research Adoption Situation

Research Classification:

Research on mindfulness and changes of information processing

2014/-0-2017/-0

Allocation Class:¥3770000

Research Classification:

Representation and function of subliminal information used in problem solving

2012/-0-2015/-0

Allocation Class:¥5070000

On-campus Research System

Special Research Project

読書とマインドフルネスに関する研究

2017

Research Results Outline:Although contemplative practices have been suggested to alter information pAlthough contemplative practices have been suggested to alter information processing, little empirical data have demonstrate...Although contemplative practices have been suggested to alter information processing, little empirical data have demonstrated relationships between higher daily cognitive activities such as reading and psychological functions. The present study examined habits of reading in university students, and how reading activities may be associated with mindfulness and psychological status. 52 students (mean age: 20.2 years) participated in a questionnaire survey that included mindfulness, subjective well-being, depression, and anxiety. Participants also reported time and amount of reading different types of text, and types of media when reading. Mean reading time was 45.3 min per day (6.1 books per month), of which novels and critical essays accounted for 15.6 min and 10.2 min, respectively. Reading with paper books and smartphones each accounted for 35.8 min and 8.6 min. Duration of reading paper books was significantly correlated with lower scores of well-being, and higher scores of depression and anxiety. By contrast, reading on PCs/tablets and playing games on smartphones showed significant correlations with higher scores of well-being. These results may reflect the fact that students often read books for obligatory studies, and use PCs/tablets and play games for pleasure. I made and plan multiple oral and poster presentations on this and related topics.

瞑想的実践による自律神経機能の制御

2017

Research Results Outline:Contemplative training has been suggested to cause plastic changes to the bContemplative training has been suggested to cause plastic changes to the brain. How can somatic physiological functions cha...Contemplative training has been suggested to cause plastic changes to the brain. How can somatic physiological functions change through long-term meditative practice? The present study examined control of autonomic nervous system activities during yoga sitting meditation. A Japanese yoga expert (female, 50 years) with 25 years of yoga practice and two university students participated. During each session, a two-minute resting period was followed by a four-minute meditation period, which was repeated four times. Participants engaged in two types of traditional yoga meditation in a pseudorandomized order. Breath meditation involved sustaining attention on the breath. Mantra meditation involved covertly repeating a common mantra phrase Om Namah Shivaya. Cardiovascular activities (photoplethysmogram) and skin conductance were measured by using a multisensor measurement system NeXus-4. For the expert, heart rate decreased by 2.05 bpm and 0.45 bpm from the resting to the meditation periods, for the breath and mantra meditation respectively. For all the measures and groups, statistically significant outcomes failed to be observed. These results seem consistent with the notion that at least breath meditation can elicit increase in parasympathetic nervous system activities. I made multiple oral and poster presentations on relevant topics, and published a technical report on a preceding study.

Lecture Course

Course TitleSchoolYearTerm
Core Lecture 1School of Culture, Media and Society2019spring semester
Core Lecture 2(RE)School of Culture, Media and Society2019fall semester
Contemporary Human Studies 1School of Culture, Media and Society2019fall semester
Contemporary Human Studies 1School of Humanities and Social Sciences2019fall semester
Contemporary Human Studies 2School of Culture, Media and Society2019spring semester
Contemporary Human Studies 2School of Humanities and Social Sciences2019spring semester
Mind-Body TheorySchool of Culture, Media and Society2019spring semester
Mind-Body TheorySchool of Humanities and Social Sciences2019spring semester
Life World and the BodySchool of Culture, Media and Society2019fall semester
Life World and the BodySchool of Humanities and Social Sciences2019fall semester
Contemplating Relationships between Mind and Body (CHS Advanced Seminar)School of Culture, Media and Society2019spring semester
Bodies of the Other: Viewing Humans as Bodies (CHS Advanced Seminar)School of Culture, Media and Society2019fall semester
Body, Society, and Everyday Life (CHS Advanced Seminar)School of Culture, Media and Society2019spring semester
Seminar on Human Mind and Body (Mind and Body) (Spring) ASchool of Culture, Media and Society2019spring semester
Seminar on Human Mind and Body (Mind and Body) (Spring) BSchool of Culture, Media and Society2019spring semester
Seminar on Human Mind and Body (Mind and Body) (Fall) ASchool of Culture, Media and Society2019fall semester
Seminar on Human Mind and Body (Mind and Body) (Fall) BSchool of Culture, Media and Society2019fall semester
Introduction to Psychology 2School of Culture, Media and Society2019fall semester
Introduction to Psychology 2School of Humanities and Social Sciences2019fall semester
Psychology: Research SeminarGraduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences2019spring semester
Psychology: Research SeminarGraduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences2019fall semester
Psychology 4-1: SeminarGraduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences2019spring semester
Psychology 4-2: SeminarGraduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences2019fall semester
Psychology 4-1: Research SeminarGraduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences2019spring semester
Psychology 4-2: Research SeminarGraduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences2019fall semester