氏名

ナカムラ ユウキ

中村 雄輝

職名

講師(任期付)

所属

(国際教養学部)

学歴・学位

学位

博士

学内研究制度

特定課題研究

Reconciliation and Violence: The Perpetrator-Victim Relationship

2019年度

研究成果概要:The issue of reconciliationis the extension of a practical problem that arises from the theoreticalanalysis of viol...The issue of reconciliationis the extension of a practical problem that arises from the theoreticalanalysis of violence. The present research considered the theoreticalimplications that arise from the relationship that exists between perpetratorsand victims. The main objectivewas to find a practical approach to the situations that emerge from complexsocial situations of violence. This necessity becomes apparent because bytheoretically analyzing the relationship between perpetrators and victims,traditional theory dictated the existence power relation that to a certainextent inculpate the victim. Therefore, sociological theories of agency wereapplied to explore possible practical solutions to the problem ofreconciliation. The understanding that sociological theories sheds on thefreedom and constraints of individual actions and social structures provides a keyunderstanding of how and to what extent accountability is distributed giving hopeto reconciliation. As direct outcomes of the present research, one academic article is under review and a project proposal for community development is in preparation.

Modern Theory of Violence: A Re-Examination of the Structure of Irresponsibility

2019年度

研究成果概要:The objective of the present research is toshed light on the mechanisms of modern societies and organizations byree...The objective of the present research is toshed light on the mechanisms of modern societies and organizations byreexamining Masao Maruyama’s concept of the structure of irresponsibility (無責任の体系). Maruyama developed the concept whilearguing that the structure of irresponsibility was a unique social process thathappened only in Japan. Varioussociological theories were used to analyze modern bureaucratic structures withthe arguments used by Maruyama to develop the concept of structure ofirresponsibility. Specifically, it was compared to Ian Kershaw’s concept of the absentdictator that describes Germany’s bureaucratic structures during the context ofWW2.Theoutcomes of the present research can be divided broadly into two parts: 1)discussions began with researchers in Germany to establish a possible jointresearch project and 2) a research paper will be presented in the Theorysection of the International Sociological Association in 2021.

A Theoretical Examination of Accountability in Complex Social Situations of Violence

2018年度

研究成果概要:In complex social situations of violence,where violence is both agency-driven and perpetrator-less, it becomes extr...In complex social situations of violence,where violence is both agency-driven and perpetrator-less, it becomes extremelydifficult to determine who is to blame. gives rise to the problem ofaccountability. The aim of this paper is to theoretically explore the socialmechanisms that accountability undergoes within complex social situations ofviolence. The act and social phenomena of harming others has been a topic thathas been treated throughout the entire spectrum of the social sciences but whathas baffled researchers is that there are characteristics in structuralviolence that cannot be found in the violence done at the individual level andvice-versa. The most notable characteristic being the perpetrator-less aspectof structural violence and the dissipation of accountability. Even at theindividual level, properties such as (un)intentionality, unintendedconsequences of action and the types of evil which are nonautonomous andautonomous also undergo complex social processes when the harm is committed bycollective and organizational agents.In relation to the present research, one paper was presented at the Violence and Society Conference in London and one paper was published in the European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences.

現在担当している科目

科目名開講学部・研究科開講年度学期
Intensive Spanish I 01国際教養学部2020春学期
Intensive Spanish I 51国際教養学部2020秋学期
Spanish V 01国際教養学部2020春学期
Spanish Plus I 51国際教養学部2020秋学期
Spanish Plus II 51国際教養学部2020秋学期