氏名

ミヤタ ヒロミツ

宮田 裕光

職名

教授

所属

(文化構想学部)

外部研究資金

科学研究費採択状況

研究種別:

メンタルトレーニングによる身体内外環境への気づきの統合

2018年-0月-2021年-0月

配分額:¥4420000

研究種別:

マインドフルネスと情報処理過程の変容に関する研究

2014年-0月-2017年-0月

配分額:¥3770000

研究種別:

問題解決において用いられる無意識的情報の表象形式と機能についての研究

2012年-0月-2015年-0月

配分額:¥5070000

学内研究制度

特定課題研究

読書とマインドフルネスに関する研究

2017年度

研究成果概要:Although contemplative practices have been suggested to alter information processing, little empirical data have de...Although contemplative practices have been suggested to alter information processing, little empirical data have demonstrated relationships between higher daily cognitive activities such as reading and psychological functions. The present study examined habits of reading in university students, and how reading activities may be associated with mindfulness and psychological status. 52 students (mean age: 20.2 years) participated in a questionnaire survey that included mindfulness, subjective well-being, depression, and anxiety. Participants also reported time and amount of reading different types of text, and types of media when reading. Mean reading time was 45.3 min per day (6.1 books per month), of which novels and critical essays accounted for 15.6 min and 10.2 min, respectively. Reading with paper books and smartphones each accounted for 35.8 min and 8.6 min. Duration of reading paper books was significantly correlated with lower scores of well-being, and higher scores of depression and anxiety. By contrast, reading on PCs/tablets and playing games on smartphones showed significant correlations with higher scores of well-being. These results may reflect the fact that students often read books for obligatory studies, and use PCs/tablets and play games for pleasure. I made and plan multiple oral and poster presentations on this and related topics.

瞑想的実践による自律神経機能の制御

2017年度

研究成果概要:Contemplative training has been suggested to cause plastic changes to the brain. How can somatic physiological func...Contemplative training has been suggested to cause plastic changes to the brain. How can somatic physiological functions change through long-term meditative practice? The present study examined control of autonomic nervous system activities during yoga sitting meditation. A Japanese yoga expert (female, 50 years) with 25 years of yoga practice and two university students participated. During each session, a two-minute resting period was followed by a four-minute meditation period, which was repeated four times. Participants engaged in two types of traditional yoga meditation in a pseudorandomized order. Breath meditation involved sustaining attention on the breath. Mantra meditation involved covertly repeating a common mantra phrase Om Namah Shivaya. Cardiovascular activities (photoplethysmogram) and skin conductance were measured by using a multisensor measurement system NeXus-4. For the expert, heart rate decreased by 2.05 bpm and 0.45 bpm from the resting to the meditation periods, for the breath and mantra meditation respectively. For all the measures and groups, statistically significant outcomes failed to be observed. These results seem consistent with the notion that at least breath meditation can elicit increase in parasympathetic nervous system activities. I made multiple oral and poster presentations on relevant topics, and published a technical report on a preceding study.

現在担当している科目

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