Name

NISHIMURA, Masao

Official Title

Professor

Affiliation

(School of Culture, Media and Society)

Contact Information

URL

Grant-in-aids for Scientific Researcher Number
30298103

Sub-affiliation

Sub-affiliation

Faculty of Letters, Arts and Sciences(Graduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences)

Faculty of International Research and Education(Graduate School of Asia Pacific Studies)

Faculty of Commerce(School of Commerce)

Faculty of International Research and Education(School of International Liberal Studies)

Research Council (Research Organization)/Affiliated organization(Global Education Center)

Affiliated Institutes

ラオス地域人類学研究所

プロジェクト研究所所長 1989-2006

アジア研究所

研究員 2007-2011

アジア研究所

研究員 2011-2012

アジア研究所

研究員 2012-2013

アジア研究所

研究員 2013-2014

災害復興医療人類学研究所

研究所員 2014-

アジア研究所

研究員 2014-2014

アジア研究所

研究所員 2015-2015

アジア研究所

研究所員 2016-

Educational background・Degree

Degree

Ph.D Coursework University of Michigan Cultural anthropology

Research Field

Keywords

Cultural Anthropology

Research interests Career

Heritage Studies, Process of State Formation

Research Grants & Projects

Grant-in-aids for Scientific Research Adoption Situation

Research Classification:

Landscapes and Rituals of Wet Rice Culture in East Asian Villages

2004-2007

Allocation Class:¥35100000

Research Classification:

A Development Anthropological Research on Social Impact of Socio-Economic Development by International Cooperation Aid

Allocation Class:¥16770000

Research Classification:

A Comparative Research on Living Heritage

2013/-0-2016/-0

Allocation Class:¥5070000

On-campus Research System

Special Research Project

ラオス共和国、チャンパサック州ワット・プー地域における、集落ネットワークの人類学的研究

1997

Research Results Outline:本プロジェクトは、私が推進してきた、東南アジアにおける複合社会の発展に関する研究の一貫として行っているものである。この研究の主目的は、東南アジア社会―本プロジェクトは、私が推進してきた、東南アジアにおける複合社会の発展に関する研究の一貫として行っているものである。この研究の主目的は、東南アジア社会―文化の「複合性」の定義と、複合性を測るスケールの確立にある。私がこれまで行ってきた研究により、特定...本プロジェクトは、私が推進してきた、東南アジアにおける複合社会の発展に関する研究の一貫として行っているものである。この研究の主目的は、東南アジア社会―文化の「複合性」の定義と、複合性を測るスケールの確立にある。私がこれまで行ってきた研究により、特定の地域内での集落ネットワークに見られる階層化と、その階層のレベルの数が、複合社会の発展と、正の比例関係にあることがわかってきている。 そこで本プロジェクトでは、この考えを東南アジアの特定地域を選んで検証するために、集落ネットワークを作り上げている3つの主要素:物資の流れ;サービスの流れ(人的移動);情報の流れ、に関するデータを集め、分析することに集中している。そのための研究地域として、ラオス共和国、チャンパサック州、ワット・プー地域を選び、そこでのフィールドワークを通じて第一次データの収集は終了している。 フィールド調査は、1997年7月―8月、11月―12月、1998年1月―3月の期間行い、内、1998年1月―3月までの調査及びその後の分析に、本研究費を充当した。今回の調査では、時間と予算の関係から、物資の流れについての調査に集中した。調査は、ワット・プー遺跡に一番近い、すなわち地域の中心に近いものから開始した。20村落の調査を終了している。調査は、各村落の全世帯数の10%ランダムサンプリングの形で家族を抽出し、抽出した家族の中に入ってインタヴューと観察の2つの方法で行った。 現在まだ資料の分析中で、結論を述べるには時期が早すぎるが、以下4点について、この地域の資源利用に特異なパターンが見られるように思われる。1. 自給自足的経済システムがこの地域でよく確立している。生活必需品:食料、燃料、容器類等は、ほとんど身近な自然環境の開拓で調達している。2. 村落間の生産物の専門化が見られる。すべての村落の基本的生業形態は水田耕作であるが、それに加えて他の生産活動を行っている。この二次的生産活動から生じる産物の点で、多くの特殊化が見られる。特殊な手工芸をそれぞれの村落が持ち、それらを村落間交換の形で流通させている。3. 地域に大きなマーケットが存在しないため、村落間の物資の交換が、地域の経済で重要である。これにより、物資が広く分配され、資源へのアクセスの点で、一様化が図られている。この一様化が、地域の結束に重要な意義をもっている。4. 年に一度の大きな宗教的なお祭り(ワット・プーフェスティバル)が、地域外で生産された物資を地域内に入れる一種のマーケットの役割を演じている。研究成果の発表March 1998Capacity Building in Cultural Heritage Management within the Context of Assistance for the Preservation of Wat Phu. Research Report of UNESCO. Bangkok: UNESCO Office of the Regional Advisor for Culture in Asia and the Pacific.1999(予定)A Study of Settlement Systems in the Wat Phu Region, Champassak Province, Lao PDR (provisional) Journal of Asian Studies.1999(予定)ラオス共和国、ワット・プー地域における資源の利用状況と、集落システム。『史観』(早稲田大学史学会)。

有形・無形遺産カテゴリーの再検討

2017Collaborator:小田島 理絵, 三浦 恵子, Joy Gerra, Phakhanxay Sikhanxay

Research Results Outline:The present research consists of a part ofthe large framework which intendsThe present research consists of a part ofthe large framework which intends tore-think the concept of heritage.  Inthis...The present research consists of a part ofthe large framework which intends tore-think the concept of heritage.  Inthis perspective, the research especially pursues two aims: 1) the heritageconcept is shared with almost everyone in an area; 2) the heritage concept isinherited from generation to generation. In order to examine this concept, the present research organized the fieldresearch in Lao PDR and the Philippines. In Lao PDR, a field research was conducted at one of the villagesoutside the Champasak World Heritage area. The village is inhabited by Christians, while all other villages areBuddhists residents.  The researchfocused on their feeling toward heritage, especially heritage in publicspace.  It is interesting to know that asfar as public heritage is concerned, their feeling and idea toward heritage isthe same as that of Buddhist residents. In the Philippines, the field research was conducted among the Muslimresidents in Cebu City.  Although theyreluctantly admit and accept the public heritage, most of which are related toChristianity, they also insist Muslim heritage should equally be recognized.  Although the analysis of two data sets isprogressing, the comparison between two areas provides an interesting view onthe variability of the heritage concept. It is clear that there are much more varieties in the heritage concepts.

無形遺産の保全と管理における政府の政策と方針についての研究-ラオスとフィリピンの比較研究-

2018Collaborator:小田島 理絵, 北田 綾, 増見 エミ, Sikhanxay, Phakhanxay, Gerra, Joy

Research Results Outline:   The present research is organized within a large research desi   The present research is organized within a large research design: the research of heritage management in Southe...   The present research is organized within a large research design: the research of heritage management in Southeast Asia.  The research has been conducted by the author and his team since the beginning of 2000.  The research has focused on the interrelationships between the heritage and people's perception for it.  In order to examine the aforementioned problems, the author has conducted a series of field studies in southern Laos, Champasak, and in Cebu, the Philippines.  We have so far had the following results: 1) people within or near by the heritage have a strong feeling with not only visible objects, but associated knowledge (often religious knowledge); 2) they exhibit their feeling in a variety of ways such as weaving design, daily worship; or everyday practice in their life.  We call these practices collectively, "living heritage".  Namely, living heritage is the one which makes the residence feel close to the heritage.     The present project, therefore,  focused on the living heritage among the residents in the heritage area.  Among others, one of the main components of living heritage is the so-called intangible heritage.  This year the research especially concentrated on the definition of intangible heritage by the government officers, and management by them.  In Laos, the officers of the central government and local government both appear to be confused about what intangible heritage is.  However, they recognize the importance of intangible heritage, and so they established a special section of intangible heritage within the Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism.  However, they still don't know what to do for the management.      In respect with the Philippines, the intangible heritage is recognized among the residents, and it is quite personalized.  Just as the tangible heritage, they will talk about their family's intangible heritage.  And probably for this reason, the public sectors including the central and local governments, officers does not show interests in the preservation of intangible heritage.     In conclusion of the research, I would like to emphasize two points: 1) living heritage, including intangible heritage, make people be aware of heritage, and so intangible heritage is more important  in terms of conservation of local heritage; 2)  as so in the case of tangible heritage, we can observe a great variability in the perception of intangible heritage.  Therefore, in order to figure out the living heritage (intangible heritage), we have to conduct much more detailed field research in Southeast Asia. 

Lecture Course

Course TitleSchoolYearTerm
Culture and Society of Southeast AsiaSchool of International Liberal Studies2019spring semester
Core Lecture 1School of Culture, Media and Society2019spring semester
Core Lecture 2(RE)School of Culture, Media and Society2019fall semester
Frontiers of Cultural Anthropology 1School of Culture, Media and Society2019spring semester
Frontiers of Cultural Anthropology 1School of Humanities and Social Sciences2019spring semester
Frontiers of Cultural Anthropology 2School of Culture, Media and Society2019fall semester
Frontiers of Cultural Anthropology 2School of Humanities and Social Sciences2019fall semester
Environment and Human Beings 1 (Macro Perspectives)School of Culture, Media and Society2019fall semester
Environment and Human Beings 1 (Macro Perspectives)School of Humanities and Social Sciences2019fall semester
Economic Anthropology (ICS Advanced Seminar)School of Culture, Media and Society2019fall semester
Seminar on Cultural Anthropology ("Traditional" Culture and its Transformations) (Spring)School of Culture, Media and Society2019spring semester
Seminar on Cultural Anthropology ("Traditional" Culture and its Transformations) (Fall)School of Culture, Media and Society2019fall semester
Cultural Anthropology: Research SeminarGraduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences2019spring semester
Cultural Anthropology: Research SeminarGraduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences2019fall semester
Topics in Cultural Anthropology 1Graduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences2019spring semester
Topics in Cultural Anthropology 2Graduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences2019fall semester
Field Method of Cultural Anthropology 1Graduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences2019fall semester
Cultural Anthropology 1-1: SeminarGraduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences2019spring semester
Cultural Anthropology 1-2: SeminarGraduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences2019fall semester
Cultural Anthropology 1-1: Research SeminarGraduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences2019spring semester
Cultural Anthropology 1-2: Research SeminarGraduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences2019fall semester
Southeast Asian Studies IV (Philippine) (E)Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies2019fall term
Cultural Heritage and Tourism Development (E)Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies2019spring term
Cultural Heritage and Development in Southeast Asia (MA Seminar)Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies2019spring term@summer term
Cultural Heritage and Development in Southeast Asia (MA Seminar)Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies2019fall term@winter term
Cultural Activities (World Heritage and various problems of the management)Global Education Center2019spring semester
The Challenges of Development in South East Asia and the Role of NGO'sGlobal Education Center2019an intensive course(fall)